For years many labs and companies took on Fiber Optic Sensing to develop product lines that are now available in several forms. Today’s Optical Sensing has evolved and is ready to be commercialized in various applications. The lower costs and ready to use applications software make technology ever more appealing when compared to traditional more limiting alternatives. Our Optical Sensing System allows end users to readily simplify current convoluted sensing architectures with intuitive Plug-and-Play deployment.
Advantages of the CMS Sensing Solution:
- Long Life Optical Sensors
- Immune to Electromagnetic Interference (EMI)
- Resistant to corrosion, chemicals, water, and lightning
- No Power requirement for Optical Sensors
- No Cross Talk of Data
- Extremely Light Weight
- Typical temperature range (-40 to +150°C)
- Available for High Temperatures and Cryogenic Conditions
- Available for Metal and Non-Metal Stress Applications
- Accurately Measures Acceleration, Inclination, Pressure, Displacement
- Surface mountable or embeddable into structures
- Sensor signals can travel long distances (kilometers)
- Can monitor many sensors (>100 in some cases) on one fiber.
- Each sensor on the fiber is wavelength-specific, providing implicit identification and ability to multiplex data.
- This minimizes cabling, instrumentation, and installation cost.
CMS monitors structural health and machinery using FBG sensors and the best FBG-interrogation instrumentation available. FBGs or Fiber Bragg Gratings are well established and are now the most popular fiber optic sensors for health monitoring. FBGs are fabricated on single mode optical fiber. The FBGs are written on to a small section of the fibers core with a powerful laser.
How It Works
- Light enters fiber nearly parallel to its axis and travels almost 100% in core by internally bouncing off the cladding, because:
- Cladding refractive index (nd-cladding) < core refractive index (nd-core).
- Internal angle of the light < critical reflection angle (per Snell’s Law).
- Light can travel kilometers with acceptable loss.
- Typically can monitor up to +/-2500 micro strain (em)/FBG with up to 40 FBGs written-on or spliced-to each fiber*, each FBG having a unique lBragg :
- Interrogator scans for and finds each unique-lBragg peak.
- Software analyses each unique-lBragg peak and numerically logs its precise lBragg value.
- Can spread the FBG locations over long distances of fiber—even kilometers.
- Greatly simplifies cabling, instrumentation, and installation.
*Using a 160nm-range interrogator. Larger numbers of FBG strain sensors possible for maximum strains < 2500 micro strain (em). >200 FBG ambient temperature sensors per fiber possible if all temperatures move similarly.